How to spot prostate cancer? It is the most common type of cancer in men!
Most men don’t know how to spot prostate cancer. This cancer usually affects men over the age of 50 and is rare in younger men, over 41,000 men in the UK are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year.
Prostate cancer is known for one of the silent killers and is often mistaken for some other disease or infection and many men don’t know how to spot prostate cancer. Firstly it is asymptomatic, this meaning the problem with this cancer is that most men show no significant symptoms in the start. Many men discover they have this silent killer when a PSA test is done but only in later stages. A common symptom of prostate cancer is problems with urination and pain in genitals, however, most men don’t even show these symptoms unless their reports read otherwise. This is one reason why this cancer goes unnoticed and is usually detected very late in life.
Also, initial problems are usually ignored, Prostate cancer doesn’t manifest in the same way with every man. Unfortunately, some cases show that this cancer can be silent, and in others can be spotted very easily with multiple symptoms. The silent ones are the deadliest and it is frequent that it turns to be too late to fight this cancer. Many men put the symptoms down to an ageing problem rather than expecting the worst. This can be due to the fact that this cancer is often slow-growing and many don’t discover they have symptoms for many years. Men who have signs of early prostate cancer may not have any symptoms at all, as these can only occur when the deadly cancer is large enough to apply pressure on the urethra. Some enlarged prostates can be non-cancerous, this is due to a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, men are advised to have a PSA test to be sure.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer!
- difficulty in starting to pee (hesitancy)
- needing to rush to the toilet
- weak flow
- needing to urinate more frequently, often during the night.
- feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully
- straining or taking a long time while urinating
- Symptoms that this cancer may have spread include bone and back pain, a loss of appetite, unexplained weight loss and pain in the testicles. The first symptom of prostate cancer may be a pain in the back, hips or legs. This is because prostate cancer can sometimes spread to the bones.
Treatment of prostate cancer!
Some cancer treatments target and treat a particular area of the body. These are named as localised treatments.
Surgery is the main treatment for many types of cancers, it is usually an operation to remove the tumour and it is used for cancers that are in one area of the body.
Radiotherapy is very common and it is used by targeting the area affected by cancer with high energy x-rays are used to destroy the cancer cells, there is as little harm as possible to the normal cells.
Other treatments treat the whole body and can be a long process. These are called systemic treatments.
Chemotherapy is named as “anti-cancer” and it is cytotoxic drugs used to destroy cancer cells. There isn’t just one kind of chemotherapy drug and you and you are given the drug according to the type of cancer you have.
Hormonal therapy can stop cancer growing as these therapies reduce the level of hormones in the body or block the hormones from reaching cancer cells.
Targeted therapies are used to destroy cancer cells, by interfering with cancer’s ability to grow or survive.
If you are not sure how to spot prostate cancer and believe you are having any symptoms of this deadly cancer, seek medical advice immediately and go have a check up!