Climate change level warning as CO2 levels surge may not change for years.
The CO2 levels in the air have been increasing of the past few years but recently there has been a dramatic increase. In 2015 we globally exceeded the 400 parts per million CO2 level figure. This equates to in excess of more than 400 molecules of CO2 for every one million molecules in the atmosphere. This has also caused the climate change level to increase.
However the World Meteorological Organisation has stated that 2016 will be the first full year that will completely surpass the mark. The increase in CO2 levels hasn’t been caused solely by human emissions alone because those levels remained unchanged between 2014 – 2015. Some of the CO2 has been linked to a very strong El Nino event.
An El Nino event is the term that is used to describe the unusual fulxuation in warm and cold weather conditions in the pacific region. Due to the El Nino event vegetation isn’t able to absorb high levels of CO2. Because of this a Climate change level warning has been issued
The World Meteorological Organisation has stated that the altered conditions have helped the CO2 levels increase over the last 10 years. WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas said “The year 2015 ushered in a new era of optimism and climate action with the Paris climate change agreement. But it will also make history as marking a new era of climate change reality with record high greenhouse gas concentrations.Without tackling CO2 emissions, we cannot tackle climate change and keep temperature increases to below 2 degrees C above the pre-industrial era. It is therefore of the utmost importance that the Paris Agreement does indeed enter into force well ahead of schedule on 4 November and that we fast-track its implementation.”
Once the Paris Climate agreement was reached around 200 nations signed it. The next scheduled meeting is in Morocco, where these 200 nations will meet sometime in November, so they can decide on the best steps to take.
Then the Secretary-General added that the year 2016 will be the first complete year when the CO2 levels are above average and they could stay that way for many years to come. Not only have the levels of CO2 risen but there has been an increase in other gases such as methane and nitrous oxide.
This new data was compared to data collected in 1990, in order to find out the extent these levels have increased and affected climate change. And the numbers was shocking. Between the years 1990 and 2015 the levels had increased by a total of 37%.
This increase was the result of a build up of substances from domestic, agricultural and industrial activities. But hopefully these levels can be controlled and decreased to a more safe level.